Darwin vs Morality: Part II

In The God Delusion, Richard Dawkins attempts to describe the biological roots of morality. He begins by saying: “Natural selection favors genes that predispose individuals, in relationships of asymmetric need and opportunity, to give when they can, and to solicit giving when they can’t. It also favors tendencies to remember obligations, bear grudges, police exchange […]

From Romanticism to Political Correctness: Modernity and Emotional Illiteracy

Emotions are part of our very being; we are our emotions, at least to the extent that we are egos. Like music or a river, they tend to have a certain temporal continuity, changing and flowing one into another. Thoughts, by comparison, are more like bubbles, rising to the surface and bursting. Unregulated thoughts lead, through […]

Spiritual Evolution; Waiting for the Higher Meme

In their book Spiral Dynamics, Beck and Cowan color code and thus simplify the categories of psychologist Clare Graves. Graves posited a theory of development based on people’s responses when asked to describe their idea of a successful person. The colors are Beige, Purple, Red, Blue, Orange, Green, Yellow and beyond. They apply both phylogenetically […]

Metaphysics, Ethics, and Living in an Uncertain World

The nature of ultimate reality is not provable on the rational level. It might be possible to experience it directly as part of a mystical experience. Or we might read reports by mystics and try to decide whether to believe them or not. But, without having had post-rational experiences ourselves, we are left with merely […]

The Naked Android: Sex, Death, and Immortality in the Age of AI

Alan Turing invented the ideational basis of modern computers with his concept of a universal machine. The machine had a write/erase head and a strip of paper that represented an infinite memory. The strip of paper contained instructions to move forward, move back, or stop; to write, or to erase. Exactly what the machine does […]