Reality Is Overrated; Why Subjectivity Informs Our Experience Of The World

In An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, John Locke focuses on epistemology. The theory of knowledge. His most important aim was to know what reality was really like. Like many other scientists and philosophers of his time (Montaigne, Galileo) Locke became fascinated with the difference between ‘reality’ and the way we experience, or perceive reality. He […]

Are Friends Electric?: Machines, Emotions, And The Importance of Rule Breaking

A robot is a machine. One definition of a machine, used by people like Alan Turing who invented the concept of a modern computer, is a rule-following device. A computer, and by extension, a robot satisfies this definition. Computers are rule-following devices. They do what we program them to do; no more, no less. Clearly, […]

After Death, And Beyond The Rational: Man, Divinity, And Reincarnation

Fallen angel statue

Assumptions are inevitable and unavoidable. One assumes that other drivers are not going to run stop signs and red lights. One assumes that the floor one was standing on yesterday will not give way today. The food that sustained us yesterday will not poison us today. We make innumerable assumptions on faith without evidence, or […]

Mind, Meditation, And The Limits Of Consciousness

Native American chief with psychedelic pattern

The authors of Irreducible Mind claim that psychology when it was invented as a separate discipline, splitting off from philosophy in the nineteenth century, could have gone in two directions. One was to expand the notion of science to include the phenomenon of consciousness which is not directly observable from a second or third person […]