Indian Summer: The Political Colors of Hindutva

In this hour of the need, when every hope appears to be destroyed, we have to consider the past very carefully so that we can begin to reverse the actions that caused the present miserable state. India — our motherland — was occupied… First, Muslims (who first invaded in the early eighth century) controlled the Delhi-Agra region, forcing many of the nearby Hindus into a kind of forced military alliance, and imposing Islam on the holy land of India. Then, the European powers took advantage of our disorganization, and the whole of our country virtually come under British rule — our language, culture and history destroyed, and our economy and living standard made catastrophic. Next, our motherland was partitioned and Hindu India was forced to recognize the independent Muslim “nation” of Pakistan.

British colonial India was created on British laws, British values, British culture and British policies. Under this system lawyers used the loopholes in the law to protect who ever paid them, and, as such, they became the new ruling class. The ancient Indian system was destroyed. Its influence can still be felt. Most specifically, the problem lies in disunity. Hindus are a most dis-unified “unit”. More than 500 independent monarchies signed to end their rule, and to form a Republic of India. Never in history have so many monarchies acted to end their ancient privileges and power.

The Ancient Roots of Hindu India

That Hindus constitute an independent nation and civilization is a fact recognized as far back as the Vedic era — an era of one people, one nation, one language, and one Dharma. There wasn’t a large variety of local cultures, traditions, etc. to separate the Vedic people from each other.

Rama riding Hanuman with his monkey army.

Rama with the monkey army of Hanuman.

After catastrophic climate change between 2100 B.C.E. and 1900 B.C.E., from their traditional Saptasindhu heartland (called Brahmavart in Manu Smriti) between Saraswati and the Aravali mountain ranges, the Vedic people migrated north-westwards towards Russia, the Ganges Valley and southern India.

Then, permanently settled, the Vedic people created the great Sinhasta culture of Russia which later descended into Andronovo culture. These cultures lie at the roots of the majority of Russian and Celtic people of Europe. In western Asia, Vedic people established the mighty Mittani culture which destroyed even the powerful Assyrians. The Mittani profoundly influenced neighboring Egypt, Israel, Hittite Empire and possibly other civilizations. Yet, while the migration enlarged the borders of the Vedic homeland, it soon turned out to be at the cost of civilizational disunity.

Those further from home started to create new civilizations of there own. The Western Asian Mittani Empire showed more loyalty and maintained Vedic culture and religion to the very last moment, as shown by invoking Indra and other vedic gods in a treaty between the Hittites and the Mittani. Meanwhile, in India, the Vedic language was already turning into various regional Prakrit languages, though the elites maintained their version of Vedic language, which they called Sanskrit.

In modern terminology Vedic language is called “Vedic Sanskrit” and the now “maintained” language of the Brahmins is called “Classical Sanskrit.” I find this term inappropriate, as “Sanskrit” means one which is artificially perfected while the Vedic language is actually considered, by Hindus, to be the direct language of the gods, with no human development in its history.

The Emergence of the Hindu Empires

Between such disasters of the climate change mentioned above, the call for a Hindu nation was heard many times. The Gupta Empire effectively used it. (This empire is believed to have re-created the golden ages.) And after the great empires, small kingdoms, such as the small Rajput sates, used Hindu nationalism (Rashtra) for diplomacy. Prithviraj Chauhan (1149–1192 C.E.), a king of the Hindu Chauhan dynasty, was close to re-establishing Hindu Rashtra, and would have succeeded had he not have made the horrible mistake of ignoring his enemy after defeating them 16 times.

Hemchandra Vikramaditya, a Bengali governor of the Afghans of Rajasthani, was also very close to re-establishing Hindu Rashtra, but at his final battle near Panipat he was defeated and killed by cunning Mughals.

Next, the Vijaynagar Empire (1336-1646) emerged in southern India. The Vijaynagar mixed the regionalist nationalism with Hindutva (“Hinduness”) to great success. Just like Hemchandra’s Empire before them, the Vijaynagar were defeated by invading Muslim armies, even when they were powerful, since the Muslims were able to kill their king, who was commanding the armed forces that were resisting the invasion.

Enter Shivaji

After the Vijaynagar Empire, the Marathas rose to power. Shivaji, the founder of Maratha Empire was no regionalist. He used the Maratha cry for independence from Mughals effectively. But what he said to the Mirza Raja Jai Singh, Aurengzeb’s general and king of Amer (Jaipur) made it clear that he was pure Hindu nationalist. It is said he told the general that if he had come, breaking from the Mughals to expand the Amer’s empire under Hindu flag, he would have followed him and would have raised his flag all over Deccan!

Shivaji had no lust for power. He once told his guru to take the kingdom as he didn’t need it. But the guru instructed him that he was needed for the re-establishment of the Hindu Empire. Soon, however, the Maratha Empire started to fall because of regionalism. The governors appointed by the Maratha Emperor grew more ambitious, and didn’t share any strong Hindu nationalism like Shivaji. They started to consider themselves as kings in their own right and the Maratha emperor as just a figurehead. Later wars and great disagreements between these governors arose, with brutal treatment of the people and brutal raids on fellow Hindus becoming part of their tactics. Even though they were able to reach as far as Afghanistan (the liberated Khyber pass), these problems ultimately cost them, with their destruction at hands of British.

Modern Hindu Nationalism

During the 1920s a wave of Hindu nationalism led by the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (a national volunteer army) and the Hindu Mahasabha arose in Maharashtra — the home of Shivaji! After independence from Britain Hindu nationalist organizations were the largest and strongest. (India is still probably only country in the world where the largest trade union is not communist.) BMS, the largest trade union of India is Hindu nationalist. Hindu nationalism in India was spread by refraining from going for power grabbing and, instead, slowly working for the benefit of society. The RSS believed that a social change would make India a Hindu nation.

During the 1980s the BJP political party, which has a Hindu Nationalist agenda, started to grow in power, but at the cost of compromising its values. Today the BJP, just like the Congress party, openly appeal for Muslim votes and will do anything to get them. The saffron colors of BJP faded when it abandoned the Ayodhya Ram Mandir movement. More and more power hungry people joined the Hindu nationalist movement
tarnishing once incorruptible organizations.

What We Must Do

Hindus are still not unified. We lack a unified state, flag, and emperor. The Hindu habit of being “satisfied” is extremely dangerous for us in the long run. To reverse the present situation, we have to set some necessary goals for ourselves. He is what I suggest:

1. Create a unified Vedic culture — a unified system based on the Vedas, Gita, Upnishadas and, to a certain degree, the Brahamanas.

2. Make the social and political order truely Hindu: a state under an emperor guided by a Raj-Purohit or chief
priest and eight Amatyas or ministers. While various social institutions will be based upon promotion through merit and consensus, almost all of today’s bureaucracy and education should come under the control of society, while the emperor, ministers, chief priest and governors maintains law and order, foreign affairs and internal security.

3. Revive Vedic language as a new modern language written in Sarasvati (Indus) Script. We should attempt to revive the language at least 99%, going back to the oldest language in the Rig Veda. This will enable us to create an unambiguous language rivaling even computer programming language. But unlike programming languages, it would still enable authors and writers to be very subtle if that’s what they want.

4. Revive Vedic dress.

5. Expansion. By “expansion” I don’t mean some evil strategy to attack and take over even one inch of land from anywhere else. I mean expanding the Hindu system all around globe. And, with it, spread Hindu Nationalism or Hindu National Utopia, expanding on a spiritual and ethical level.

6. Develop a national culture of high knowledge. Education, research, and development should surpass the
service sector in production. More than 40% of the economy would be based on research and development and education. Research and development would be an independent profession in itself, unlike its present reliance on the commercial sector.

This is in no way a complete program of Hindu National Utopia. Indeed, my outline is necessitated on accurately understanding and articulating both the present situation and our ancient glory. This context is important to know what Hindu Nationalism really is and why, today, it needs a unified political voice.

harshvardhanHarshvardhan Singh Rawlot is the leader of Arya Sena and Aryavart movement, and a software developer specializing in artificial consciousness and language theory.